Hedgehog wiki


This family of hedgehogs is the family of true African hedgehogs, meaning they only inhabit the continent of Africa and aren’t found anywhere else in the world!

African pygmy hedgehog

Atelerix albiventris
The most popular species in captivity, but naturally this species originates from Central and East Africa.

Picture by Sierra NiCole Narvaeth , Own work, via Unsplash.com.

North African hedgehog

Atelerix algirus
This species is native to Northern Africa, mainly Morrocco and Algeria. It’s also been introduced into captivity, but not as a common species.

Picture by De Galanthus – Trabajo propio, CC BY 3.0.

By SumandaMaritz - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15600263

South African hedgehog

Atelerix frontalis
The species that’s native to South Africa, Namibia and Tanzania. They’re a protected species in South Africa.

Picture by SumandaMaritz – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Somali hedgehog

Atelerix sclateri
A species so rarely seen, science even doubts it exists! They’re also very similar to African pygmy hedgehogs and have overlapping habitats in Kenya with the species. Somali hedgehogs mainly are native in Ethiopia and Somalia.

Picture by Blackfang89 – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0.


This family of hedgehogs is the family that’s mainly found in Europe, though some species do occur in small parts of Asia as well.

Amur hedgehog

Erinaceus amurensis
This species is natively found in parts of Russia, China and Korea. It looks similar to the European hedgehog but it’s more lightly colored.

Picture by azovzap.dvo.ru, Attribution.

Southern white-breasted hedgehog

Erinaceus concolor
The species is found in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia and has an overlapping habitat with the Northern white-breasted hedgehog in their Northern borders.

Picture by Nevit Dilmen – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0.

European hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus
This species is the most well-known species on earth and the first hedgehog most people think of when mentioning hedgehogs. They live all through Europe and are protected in several countries.

Picture by Michael Gäbler, CC BY-SA 3.0.

Northern white-breasted hedgehog

Erinaceus roumanicus
This species is similar to the Southern white-breasted hedgehog, but has a lot bigger natural habitat. They live from Eastern Europe all the way to Central Asia.

Picture by George Chernilevsky – Own work, Public Domain.


This family of hedgehogs is the family that’s mainly found in Asia. It consists of two species, one of which is also found in parts of North Africa.

Long-eared hedgehog

Hemiechinus auritus
The second-most popular species in captivity and most people think they live mainly in Africa, but this is not the case. Their natural habitat ranges from North Africa (Lebanon, Libya, Egypt) all the way to East Asia.

Picture by I.V. Korneev, Leningrad Zoo, Attribution.

Indian long-eared hedgehog

Hemiechinus collaris
A relatively unknown species that naturally inhabits Northern India and Pakistan.

Picture by Shah Jahan – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0.


This family of hedgehogs is the family that’s only found in East Asia.

Daurian hedgehog

Mesechinus dauuricus
A protected species in Russia, that is named after the place it naturally inhabits: the Transbalkian region that’s also called Dauria. The species also inhabits Northern Mongolia.

Hugh’s hedgehog

Mesechinus hughi
This species naturally roams around on the steppes in Central China. It’s known to forage for food even during the day, especially on rainy days.

Small-toothed forest hedgehog

Mesechinus miodon
This species is thought to be extinct, but just like the Gaoligong forest hedgehog, lives in the higher regions of the Chinese mountains, making countings very difficult.

Gaoligong forest hedgehog

Mesechinus wangi
This species has been thought to be extinct for decades, but in recent years there have been sighting of them in the higher mountain regions of Mt. Gaoligong in the Yunnan province. Sighting are hard, because these animals can inhabit mountains up to 2,5 kilometres high.


This family of hedgehogs is the family that’s only found in East Asia.

Desert hedgehog

Paraechinus aethiopicus
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Picture by Chen Ein-Dor – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Brandt’s hedgehog

Paraechinus hypomelas
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Picture by manjeet & yograj jadeja / Alamy Stock Photo. Licensed.

Indian hedgehog

Paraechinus micropus
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Picture by Ashwin Viswanathan – https://inaturalist.ca/observations/33751161, CC BY 4.0.

Bare-bellied hedgehog

Paraechinus nudiventris
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Picture by SANTHOSH KRISHNAN13 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0.