Taxonomy

African Pygmy Hedgehogs belong to the insectivores in the class of the Mammals. They belong to the genus Atelerix, which is one of the genera in the subfamily of the true Hedgehogs. The Atelerix include all hedgehogs from Africa.

Kingdom:    Animalia (Animals)
Phylum:      Chordata (Chordates)
Class:          Mammalia (Mammals)
Order:           Eulipotyphla (Insectivores)
Family:        Erinaceidae (Hedgehogs)
Genus:         Atelerix (African Hedgehogs)
Species:       A. albiventris (African Pygmy Hedgehogs)

Other species of hedgehogs

There are 17 species of hedgehogs, all of which are spread throughout Eurasia and Africa. There are no hedgehogs native to Antartica, America or Australia.

Atelerix
Within the same genus as the African pygmy hedgehogs, the Atelerix genus, there are three more hedgehogs:

  • Atelerix algirus – North African hedgehog
  • Atelerix frontalis – Southern African hedgehog
  • Atelerix sclateri – Somali hedgehog
  • Atelerix algirus - By Conselleria de Medi Ambient i Mobilitat, Govern des Illes Balears [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Erinaceus
This genus decribes hedgehogs from Europe and Asia and consists out of four species:

  • Erinaceus amurensis – Amur hedgehog
  • Erinaceus concolor – Southern white-breasted hedgehog
  • Erinaceus europaeus – European hedgehog
  • Erinaceus roumanicus – Northern white-breasted hedgehog
  • Erinaceus amurensis - See page for author [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Hemiechinus
This genus described two species from Central and South Asia.

  • Hemiechinus auritus – Long-eared hedgehog
  • Hemiechinus collaris – Indian long-eared hedgehog
  • Hemiechinus auritus - By Hannes Grobe/AWI [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Mesechinus
This genus describes two species from East Asia.

  • Mesechinus dauuricus – Daurian hedgehog
  • Mesechinus hughi – Hugh’s Hedgehog
  • Mesechinus dauuricus - © Conrad Savy (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ via iNaturalist.org, original photo.

Paraechinus
This genus describes four species from North Africa, Middle East and South Asia.

  • Paraechinus aethiopicus – Desert hedgehog
  • Paraechinus hypomelas – Brandt’s hedgehog
  • Paraechinus micropus – Indian Hedgehog
  • Paraechinus nudiventris – Bare-bellied hedgehog
  • Paraechinus aethiopicus - By Max Korostischeveski (@) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons